Washington DC Monumental Core Shown to Be
Once upon a time, not so long ago, while considering the notion of the solar arc, that is the apparent positon of the sun on the horizon through out the year, I decided to learn how it is that a person can calculate where the Sun will rise or set at any given latitude.
I had seen where, at the equator, the sun "moves" from 23.5 degrees north at the June solstice, across the equator at the equinoxes, to 23.5 degerees south at the December solstice, and David Ovason pointed out in "The Secret Architecture of Our Nation's Capital" that the total solar arc at DC is 62 degrees (31 north and south of due east and west); but I wanted to know how to figure it out for myself. Well, the solution proved to be easier than I had even thought possible.
I did a little searching on line and discovered Mid-Atlantic Geomancy, which provides an excellent explanation of the process that they call "Orthographic Projection"; and as I said, it's easy.
At the Equator
We begin with an image of the earth, featuring the poles, the tropics (at 23.5 degrees north and south) and the equator. The graphic on the left has us standing on the north pole, while the one on the left shows the view from the equator. [Hint: imagine that you are standing "on top of" the globe.]
At the equator, the sunrise and sunsets move in a 47 degree arc, centered on the east-west line there. The sphinx in Egypt is looking due east, and if you stand in the right spot, defines this arc. So, if we wanted to make a stone circle to use to mark the extremes of the movements of the sun and planets, we could just lay the pattern on the right, on the ground at the equator.
John Michell writes:
"The geometry of the stone circles is derived from the extreme positions of the sun, moon and stars as they cross the horizon. The lines of stones that produce and determine the circle's formation are set to point out these astronomical points in such a way that the heavenly bodies themselves create the figures on which the circles are based." (page 46 "The New View Over Atlantis")
As it turns out, we can use that image to determine where the sun will be at noon at the equator also. The sun passes directly overhead twice a year at that location, and moves 23.5 degrees on either side of the plumb line through the year.
At Other Latitiudes
To figure out the solar arc and noon time sun positions at other latitudes, we turn the equitorial image the same number of degrees as the latitude. The image below shows us the solar arc and noontime sun positions for 39 degrees north latitude, the location of Washington DC.
What we do is, roll the image on it's axis 39 degrees, then project the points where the "tropics" cross the horizontal line onto the circle below, thereby indicating the solar arc. As you can see, the solar arc at 39 degrees is 2 x 31 or 62 degrees, meaning that the lines are 1 degree off from the Star of David.
The Artic Circle
As you can see, the further that we rotate the "globe" the wider the solar arc gets, until 66.5 degrees north (the Artic Cirlce), where the arc projects past the limits of the globe. Note that 22.5 and 66.5 are compliments of each other, 22.5 + 66.5 = 90 degrees.
So, we see that the image of the globe produces a hexagram (Star of David of 31 degrees) when projected at 39 degrees of latitude. Recall that 39 is the compliment of 51 degrees (39 + 51 = 90), that the Stonehenge is located at 51+ degrees north, and that the cross-section of the Great Pyramid at Giza is also 51+ degrees. DC, by the way is located at 39 north by 78 west (1:2).
At first glance, one wants to think, hmm... 39 x 78 and a 31 degree solar arc, they only missed the Star of David by one degree; that's pretty clever. But did they really miss anything? Remember what was said above about stone circles and the extreme positions of the planets, and consider this:
While the paths of the moon and planets roughly follow the ecliptic (the apparent path of the sun), they are at times north and at other times south of this line. A bodies declination is how far it varies from the suns path; the point where it crosses the ecliptic is called that planet's node. The moon varies over 5 degrees from the ecliptic, in a pattern that helps determine the eclipse cycle, but the planet that deviates the most is Mercury.
Mercury's apparent movement from 7 degrees north to 7 degrees south of the ecliptic determines the 14 degree band that surrounds the ecliptic in ancient models of the Earth. Note that Mercury, the god, was associated with the notion of measure, and was seen as the figure that guided the souls on their journey. It has been sugested that the race track, bounded on each side, and meso-american balls games played in a court between two walls are allegorical representation of the "competing" planets.
In Egypt the tropic was determined in three ways, by the center of the sun, the top edge of the sun's image, and the bottom of the sun's image. Remember that the sun's apparent diameter varies from 32.5 to 31.5 minutes according to the season, since we are closest to the sun on January 3rd, and farthest from it on July 4th. This may help explain why the Great Pyramid, with a ~52 degree cross-setion was placed just below 30 degrees north, half the distance between the center of the earth and the north pole (1:2), and marking one-third of the circumfernece from the equator to ther pole (1:3).
The United Egypt, was considered to by 7 degrees long, one degree north to six degrees below 30 degrees (1:6), and the northern limit was set at 31'06", where the degree of longitude is 6/7 of a degree of longitude at the equator.